- INMETRO is a regulatory authority for product safety and energy efficiency, and also a certificate authority and testing laboratory designated organization
- Brazil currently has dozens of ordinance in each product line, and requirements vary from order to order for each ordinance, so you must check RAC requirements for relevant ordinance(available via the INMETRO site).
- Products that is equivalent to one ordinanceis not included in another, and products that can be exposed to people, whether for commercial or for home, are basically forced by various ordinances.
-The certification system is largely operated by third-party certification system and self-conformance declaration system, and the certification system is applied differently depending on the product. Self-conformance declaration system is generally applied to products with low risk.
- In case of third-party certification system, three main requirements apply.One is a product test, another is a factory audit, the other is Customer Complaint Service(CCS) verification. You should issue the certificate in the certificate authority(OCP) designated by INMERO. Orin the case of overseas testing laboratory, you can have a test at a third-party laboratory designated under the agency which has a mutual recognition agreement with INEMTRO(ILAC, IAAC).
- In case of the self-conformance declaration system, you can only have a test at laboratories designated by INMETRO of Brazil.
- Household electric and electronic products are regulated by Ordinance 371, a third-party certification system and IT products are regulated by Ordinance 170, a third-party certification system only for government procurement.
- In case of HOUS, additional noise labelling through noise test is applied by force for blender, dryer and vacuum cleaner, and in case of IT (government procurement), using energy efficiency labels is forced for portable and desktop computers.
- Products without conformance certificates from the certificate authority designated for the object item specified in accordance with the necessary safety requirements you should comply with for commercializing low-voltage devices cannot be exported and sold to Argentina.
- It is an independent agency that grants certificates or IRAM certification marks to electric and electronic, chemical, gas-related, and metal products and toys if they meet IRAM standards
- Chile, Peru, and Bolivia have the same institutions, so it is effective for these countries.
- In August 1998, the Argentine Ministry of Industry, Trade and Mining (SICyM) issued Resolution 92/98, and manufacturers, importers, sellers and suppliers stated their responsibilities to show that the product meets the essential safety requirements.
- You should issue certificates under the name of the local importer of Argentina and all electronic products belonging to low-voltage devices with less than 5kVA power consumption and AC50-1000 V or DC1500 V will be target of regulation.
- Resolution 197/2004 allows manufacturers and importers to choose different certificate systems depending on the product.
Electrical safety compulsory certificate system is carried out for electric and electronic items designated as regulated items, and three different certificate systems are applied according to the product and the applicant's choice.
1) Safety Mark(S-mark) certification (ISO system No.5) : obtain certificates through product test and factory audit and expost market inspection
2) Type Certification (ISO system No.4): Form approval system: obtain certificates through product test. Conduct sampling test three months after initial acquisition. Sampling test is performed every six months to verify the validity of certificate.
3) Lot Certification (ISO system No.7): Approved by lot: The number of samples collected from each lot conducting tests, as for products manufactured or imported shall be determined based on the amount of lot manufactured and imported, and certification shall be given only to the quantity of lot imported or manufactured.
There is an item that must receive mark certification between mark or type certification, and the applicants can choose items other than those specified. Regular follow-up tests (Verification & Sample tests) are performed alternately every six months (in case of type certification) and 12 months (in case of mark certification) depending on the certificate system applied after completion of certification.
China Compulsory Certification(CCC) system requires manufacturers of products in more than 130 categories to obtain approval before launching, importing and using the product for commercial purposes in China. CCC testand certification can only be performed by testing laboratories and certificate authority recognized by Certification and Accreditation Administration of People's Republic of China(CNCA), and self-certification is not permitted. It is a system in which all products distributed in China and all products and parts exported to China that is comply with compulsory certificate items should essentially obtain safety and quality certification according to International Electronics Standards Association(IEC) and Chinese national standards, and only products receiving CCC marks can be sold in China. China's safety and quality certification system was operated in dualistic way, applying separate certification for domestic products and imports, but it was integrated into the certification system of only CCC mark for improvement of the certification system with entry into the WTO as a momentum.
It is mainly a safety and quality certification system for products such as electric and electronic devices, and automobiles, and items exported to China must receive a CCC mark from the Chinese certificate authority. Companies that established local factories in China must obtain CCC Mark instead of existing CCEE Mark to sell their products in China.
China Quality Certification(CQC)
Spontaneous product certification system was developed within the scope of the International IECEE CB Scheme and contains more than 500 additional product categories. CQC certified products are recognized as complying with relevant standards for quality, safety, product performance and environmental considerations. Some CQC certified products can get further test waiver for CCC certification.
China's technical standards start with GB, and largely comply with IEC's technical standards, but have a Chinese national deviations.
PSE mark system is a certificate system following Denan, a new form of revision to the Electric Devices Control Act (Dentori Mark, T-Mark) which has been applied to electric and electronic products in Japan.
Energy-Related Products (ErP) Directive
- The purpose is to control the manufacture, sale of electric devices and to control the occurrence of hazards and obstacles caused by electric devices by promoting nongovernment’s autonomous activities on ensuring the safety of electric devices.
- Those who manufacture or import and sell electric products by exporting to Japan should be certified for relevant products and the importer should report them to the Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
- Object to certification are divided into certain electric products (116 items) and the other electric products (341 items), and depending on the two categories, the certification procedures and requirements are different.
- In Article 9 of Electrical Appliances Safety Act (Conformance Test of certain electric devices), certain electric devices should have conformance test by a registered testing agency following the type of electrical appliances, and their certificates should be granted and preserved.
- For electrical appliances other than certain electric devices (341 items), PSE mark can be attached if the test report proves that the technical standard is satisfied without the certification procedure of the registered testing agency.
Taiwan's Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA) has issued the Measures Governing Registration of Product Certification (RPC). RPC includes EMC and Safety. RPC concept is based on Conformity Assessment Procedures of 93/465/EEC directive Annex, the EU Directive.
Taiwan Product Testing Act has been enacted to protect consumer rights and plan normal development of the economy in accordance with the safety, hygiene, environmental protection and other technical regulations and standards of products. Following the above Act, agricultural, industrial and mining products that are manufactured, produced and processed in Taiwan and products exported and imported should be tested under this Act. The organization of this system is the Bureau of Standards, Metrology and Inspection (BSMI) under the Ministry of Economic Affairs(MOEA) of Taiwan. BSMI certification is divided into registration of product certification (RPC), type approval, and declaration of self-conformation declaration (Doc), and BSMI mark is attached depending on the type of certification. Within RPC, it is divided into seven Compatibility Assessment modules, and BSMI under MOEA determines the application module for each product. Details of the module are given in the BSMI.
What is stated in BSMI
- Module I (Internal Control Module): Products with relatively low risk due to simple design
- Module II (Type Testing Module): Fixed and Bulk Production
- Module III (Conformance Declaration Module)
- Module IV to Module VI : Quality system related module
- Module VII (Factory Audit Module): Products that require minimal quality elements to ensure conformance, such as products of small manufacturers.
Previously, the export certification system was called International Conformity Certification Program(ICCP) and it required (International Certification of Conformity(CoC) for products imported into the country. In November 1995, the ICCP was introduced by Saudi Arabian Standards Organization(SASO) and Ministry of Commerce & Industry (MOCI), and applied to the first 76 item categories. In August 1998, ICCP excepted food(separate regulation applied) by simplify applied items, and repaired to 66 categories with the addition of toys and entertainment equipment, and added auto parts, gas cooking equipment, and mobile phones and operated for a total of 69 categories in August 2001 again. The certificates were administered byc Intertek Testing Services, designated by Saudi government, under ICCP.
However, in August 2004, the program was drastically modified under Article 6386 of MoCI, expanding the applied items to all consumer products except for four items: medical equipment, medical supplies, food and military-related products, abolished ICCP and instead introduced a new Conformity Certificate and the primary action agency was also high-transferred from SASO to MoCI and is currently in operation.
Under the new regulations in May 2006, Saudi government changed the system to include CoC issued by a agency designated by exporting countries. Technical Standard Agency of the Ministry of Knowledge Economy decided to conclude the KATS-SASO MOU in June 2008 after consulting with SASO and accepted certificates issued by certificate authority of the Korean Agency for Technology and Standards designated by KOLAS. And Technical Standard Agency designated a certificate authority and notified Saudi Arabia of the details of the designation of the conformation certificate issuing agency in December 2008.
The International Certification System (ICCP), a Saudi import inspection system for imported products, has been pointed out as aobstaclefor expanding trade among countries and putting pressure on foreign exporters in terms of costs and procedures. However, the Saudi cling to their original position that the certification system is not an import regulation, as it is related to the health of the people or the security of the nation rather than to the import regulation and applied to all countries without discrimination.